Multiple Route Generation Using Simulated Niche Based Particle Swarm Optimization


  • Kashif Zafar National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Islamabad
  • Abdul Rauf Baig Rauf Baik Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), Riyadh


Swarm, particle swarm optimization, swarm intelligence, route planning


This research presents an optimization technique for multiple routes generation using simulated niche based particle swarm optimization for dynamic online route planning, optimization of the routes and proved to be an effective technique. It effectively deals with route planning in dynamic and unknown environments cluttered with obstacles and objects. A simulated niche based particle swarm optimization (SN-PSO) is proposed using modified particle swarm optimization algorithm for dealing with online route planning and is tested for randomly generated environments, obstacle ratio, grid sizes, and complex environments. The conventional techniques perform well in simple and less cluttered environments while
their performance degrades with large and complex environments. The SN-PSO generates
and optimizes multiple routes in complex and large environments with constraints. The traditional route optimization techniques focus on good solutions only and do not exploit the solution space completely. The SN-PSO is proved to be an efficient technique for providing safe, short, and feasible routes under dynamic constraints. The efficiency of the SN-PSO is tested in a mine field simulation with different environment configurations and successfully generates multiple feasible routes.


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How to Cite

Zafar, K., & Baik, A. R. B. R. (2013). Multiple Route Generation Using Simulated Niche Based Particle Swarm Optimization. COMPUTING AND INFORMATICS, 32(4), 697–721. Retrieved from