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A Centroid-based Heuristic Algorithm for the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem

Kwangcheol Shin, Sangyong Han


The vehicle routing problem (VRP) is famous as a nondeterministic polynomial-time hard problem. This study proposes a centroid-based heuristic algorithm to solve the capacitated VRP in polynomial time. The proposed algorithm consists of three phases: cluster construction, cluster adjustment, and route establishment. At the cluster construction phase, the farthest node (customer) among un-clustered nodes is selected as a seed to form a cluster. The notion of the geometrical centre of a cluster is introduced in this study to be utilized at the cluster construction and the cluster adjustment phases. The proposed algorithm has a polynomial time complexity of O(n2.2). Experimental results on Augerat benchmark dataset show that the proposed 3-phase approach can result in smaller distances than the Sweep algorithm in more cases.

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